Question: What Is The Difference Between Dementia And Vascular Dementia?

Is vascular dementia the same as dementia?

Vascular dementia is a common type of dementia caused by reduced blood flow to the brain.

It’s estimated to affect around 150,000 people in the UK.

Dementia is the name for problems with mental abilities caused by gradual changes and damage in the brain..

What should you not say to someone with dementia?

Avoid asking the person questions about the past; rather, tell your own stories that don’t involve the person’s input (Ex. “I remember I loved chocolate ice cream when I was little.”) Avoid distractions. Don’t try to converse with a person with dementia if the environment is loud and/or chaotic.

What is going on in the mind of someone with dementia?

In mid-stage dementia, cognitive decline increases and the person becomes more and more dependent on a caretaker. Communication may become an issue, and individuals will become dangerously forgetful (such as wandering away or turning on an oven).

What dementia feels like?

Some days it feels like Alzheimer’s has never entered my life and some parts of some days are like this too. On bad days, it’s like a fog descends on the brain and confusion reigns from the minute I wake up. On these days it feels like there’s so little in the brain left to help you get through the day.

Which is worse dementia or Alzheimer’s?

Dementia is an overall term used to describe symptoms that impact memory, performance of daily activities, and communication abilities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease gets worse with time and affects memory, language, and thought.

At what stage of dementia does Sundowning occur?

Sleep Issues and Sundowning. People with Alzheimer’s and dementia may have problems sleeping or increases in behavioral problems that begin at dusk and last into the night (known as sundowning).

Is vascular dementia a terminal illness?

“Dementia is a terminal illness; as the end of life approaches, the pattern in which patients with advanced dementia experience distressing symptoms is similar to patients dying of more commonly recognized terminal conditions, such as cancer.”

What is the best treatment for vascular dementia?

Vascular dementia clinical trialsMemantine. Memantine belongs to the aminoadamantane chemical class and is structurally similar to amantadine, an antiparkinson and antiviral drug. … Galantamine. … Donepezil. … Rivastigmine. … Hydergine. … Nicergoline. … Nimodipine. … Blood pressure-lowering therapies.More items…

Do vascular dementia patients sleep a lot?

Sleeping more and more is a common feature of later-stage dementia. As the disease progresses, the damage to a person’s brain becomes more extensive and they gradually become weaker and frailer over time.

How serious is vascular dementia?

Over time a person with vascular dementia is likely to develop more severe confusion or disorientation, and further problems with reasoning and communication. Memory loss, for example for recent events or names, will also become worse.

How quickly can dementia progress?

Rapidly progressive dementias (RPDs) are dementias that progress quickly, typically over the course of weeks to months, but sometimes up to two to three years. RPDs are rare and often difficult to diagnose. Early and accurate diagnosis is very important because many causes of RPDs can be treated.

How many stages are there in vascular dementia?

Dementia is usually considered as three stages: mild (or “early”), moderate (or “middle”), and severe (or “late”). A more specific stage of dementia, however, is commonly assigned based on symptoms. It can also be helpful to know how symptoms change over stages.

What is the life expectancy of someone with vascular dementia?

On average, people with vascular dementia live for around five years after symptoms begin, less than the average for Alzheimer’s disease.

What are the 7 stages of dementia?

Resiberg’s system:Stage 1: No Impairment. During this stage, Alzheimer’s is not detectable and no memory problems or other symptoms of dementia are evident.Stage 2: Very Mild Decline. … Stage 3: Mild Decline. … Stage 4: Moderate Decline. … Stage 5: Moderately Severe Decline. … Stage 6: Severe Decline. … Stages 7: Very Severe Decline.

Can vascular dementia get worse suddenly?

Vascular dementia is a condition that causes changes in thinking skills. Vascular dementia can cause problems with memory, speech or balance. These changes can happen suddenly or begin mildly and get worse over time.

What is the 30 question cognitive test?

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) or Folstein test is a 30-point questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia.

What are the final stages of vascular dementia?

As the condition progresses, it damages all brain functions, so the effects can be similar to those of Alzheimer’s disease in the later stages. The later stages include greater levels of confusion, mood changes, and memory problems. People may also have hallucinations in the later stages.

Does vascular dementia run in families?

In most cases, vascular dementia itself is not inherited. Other than in a few, very rare cases, parents cannot pass on vascular dementia to their children. However, a parent may pass certain genes that increase the risk of developing vascular dementia.

Does a person with dementia know they are confused?

Do People With Dementia Know Something Is Wrong With Them? Alzheimer’s disease progressively destroys brain cells over time, so during the early stages of dementia, many do recognize something is wrong, but not everyone is aware. They may know they are supposed to recognize you, but they can’t.

How does peanut butter detect Alzheimer’s?

The researchers discovered that those who had an impaired sense of smell in the left nostril had early-stage Alzheimer’s. They noted that the participants needed to be an average of 10 centimeters closer to the peanut butter container in order to smell it from their left nostril compared to their right nostril.

How do you care for someone with vascular dementia?

5 Ways to Care For Someone with Vascular DementiaTalk to a doctor. There is no cure for vascular dementia, but you can help manage its symptoms. … Stick to a routine. Repetition and order can reduce frustration. … Ask for help. Don’t be discouraged if you need help. … Play problem-solving games. Play cards or do puzzles to exercise the brain. … Take care of yourself.