Question: What Is Borderline Mental Retardation?

What does it mean to have borderline intellectual functioning?

The term borderline intellectual functioning describes a group of people who function on the border between normal intellectual functioning and intellectual disability, between 1 and 2 standard deviations below the mean on the normal curve of the distribution of intelligence, roughly an IQ between 70 and 85..

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

How do you test for intellectual disability?

A thorough assessment usually includes the following:comprehensive medical exam;possible genetic and neurological testing;social and familial history;educational history;psychological testing to assess intellectual functioning;testing of adaptive functioning;interviews with primary caregivers;More items…

How can I improve my mild intellectual disability?

What can I do to help my intellectually disabled child?Learn everything you can about intellectual disabilities. … Encourage your child’s independence. … Get your child involved in group activities. … Stay involved. … Get to know other parents of intellectually disabled children.

How is borderline intellectual functioning diagnosed?

Borderline intellectual functioning is diagnosed by IQ test scores that are between 71 and 84. While Social Security’s impairment listing for intellectual disorder (listing 12.05) requires an IQ of 70 or less, Social Security introduced a new listing in 2017 that covers borderline intellectual functioning.

Does borderline intellectual functioning qualify someone for disability benefits?

Alone, borderline intellectual functioning is not enough of an impairment for an individual to qualify for disability benefits from the SSA. However, because this cognitive issue often isn’t a person’s only physical or mental limitation, it can often be an aspect of a successful claim.

What is mild mental retardation?

Definition. Mild mental retardation is defined as significantly subaverage intellectual ability, which ranges between 50–55 and 70, and concurrent delays in adaptive functioning that present prior to the age of 18.

What is an example of an intellectual disability?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability – like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections – happen before birth. Others happen while a baby is being born or soon after birth.

What causes mild retardation?

Doctors can’t always identify a specific cause of ID, but causes of ID can include: trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins. trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery. inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

How do I know if my child has an intellectual disability?

How Do I Know If My Child Has an Intellectual Disability?Sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.Learn to talk later or have trouble speaking.Have trouble understanding social rules.Have trouble seeing the consequences of their actions.Have trouble solving problems.Have trouble thinking logically.

How do you help a child with mild mental retardation?

Tips for ParentsLearn about intellectual disability.Be patient, be hopeful.Encourage independence in your child.Give your child chores.Give your child frequent feedback.Find out what skills your child is learning at school.Find opportunities in your community for social activities.More items…•

Can intellectual disability improve?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

At what age can you diagnose intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18. Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives.

What is considered a intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18.