How Does Aristotle Define Tragedy And Comedy?

What are the six elements of Aristotle’s Poetics?

In Poetics, he wrote that drama (specifically tragedy) has to include 6 elements: plot, character, thought, diction, music, and spectacle..

Which came first comedy or tragedy?

Tragedies are first heard of, as stage plays, in the Dionysiac celebrations in Athens at the turn of the fifth century B.C.E., and comedies appear as a contrasting type of play a century later.

What according to Aristotle are the three major components of tragedy?

According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle (scenic effect), and song (music), of which the first two are primary.

What are the 5 elements of Greek tragedy?

These parts are: (1) plot, (2) character, (3) thought, (4) diction, (5) song, and (6) spectacle (Poet.

What makes an Aristotelian tragedy?

Aristotle distinguished six elements of tragedy: “plot, characters, verbal expression, thought, visual adornment, and song-composition.” Of these, PLOT is the most important.

How does Aristotle define and elaborate excellence in tragedy?

The classic discussion of Greek tragedy is Aristotle’s Poetics. He defines tragedy as “the imitation of an action that is serious and also as having magnitude, complete in itself.” He continues, “Tragedy is a form of drama exciting the emotions of pity and fear.

Is Othello an Aristotelian tragedy?

“Othello, the Moor of Venice” can be considered as a Shakespeare’s tragedy in which Othello serves as the tragic hero according to Aristotle. … Othello is a tragic hero since he is a respected man at the begging enjoying power and honor but later faces downfall when he murders his wife suspecting her of being unfaithful.

What is the difference between tragedy and comedy?

What is the difference between Comedy and Tragedy? A tragedy has a sad and depressing ending while a comedy has a happy and vigorous ending. … A protagonist of a tragedy is called a tragic hero while the main character of a comedy is called a comic hero.

What are the four types of tragedy?

(5) There are four distinct kinds of tragedy, and the poet should aim at bringing out all the important parts of the kind he chooses. First, there is the complex tragedy, made up of peripeteia and anagnorisis; second, the tragedy of suffering; third, the tragedy of character; and fourth, the tragedy of spectacle.

How does Aristotle define a tragic hero?

The present study investigates the tragic hero, defined in Aristotle’s Poetics as “an intermediate kind of personage, not pre-eminently virtuous and just” whose misfortune is attributed, not to vice or depravity, but an error of judgment. The hero is fittingly described as good in spite of an infirmity of character.

What is the meaning of comedy and tragedy?

Comedy is a literary genre and a type of dramatic work that is amusing and satirical in its tone, mostly having a cheerful ending. Tragedy is opposite to comedy, as tragedy deals with sorrowful and tragic events in a story. …

Is life a comedy or tragedy?

“Life is a comedy to those who think, a tragedy to those who feel.”

What are the main characters of tragedy according to Aristotle?

Aristotle defines tragedy according to seven characteristics: (1) it is mimetic, (2) it is serious, (3) it tells a full story of an appropriate length, (4) it contains rhythm and harmony, (5) rhythm and harmony occur in different combinations in different parts of the tragedy, (6) it is performed rather than narrated, …

What makes a good tragedy?

Definitions: Feel Good Tragedy – A story in which your protagonist(s) lose, but which does not lead to a negative response or emotional state in your story’s audience. Feel Bad Tragedy – A story in which your protagonist(s) lose, and this is upsetting for your story’s audience.

Who said life is a tragedy?

Richard Roud“Life is a tragedy when seen in closeup, but a comedy in long-shot,” is a Chaplin quote that Richard Roud, director of the New York Film Festival, borrowed to introduce the program notes for the gala.

What are the elements of tragedy and comedy?

They are: Plot, Character, Thought, Diction, Song and Spectacle. The Plot is the most important part of a tragedy. The plot means ‘the arrangement of the incidents’. Normally the plot is divided into five acts, and each Act is further divided into several scenes.